Professor Erik Millstone is a Professor of Science Policy at the University of Sussex. He trained initially in Physics, but then gained 3 postgraduate degrees in Philosophy. Since 1974 he has been researching into the causes, consequences and regulation of technological change in the food industry. From 1998 to 2004 he was researching into the links between the science and politics of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy. He is now the principal investor on a European Commission funded 9-country comparative study of obesity policy, and a 6-country comparative study of risk assessment policy making.
The lessons of BSE for science-based risk governance
The BSE crisis that erupted in March 1996, and the BSE policy saga of which it is a key moment, highlighted many of the serious shortcomings in the ways in which science-based risk governance has been managed in the UK and the EU. This paper will provide an analysis of the key lessons of the BSE saga and crisis, and locate them in the context of theoretical analysis of the ways in which science and policy-making can and do interact. It will argue that while some lessons have been learnt, they have mainly been the easy lessons, while many of the more difficult lessons remain to be appreciated by public policy-makers and by their expert advisory bodies.
BSE: risk, science and governance, with P van Zwanenberg, Oxford University Press, April 2005
Health, Hazards and Public Debate: lessons for risk communication from the BSE/CJD saga with C Dora et al, World Health Organisation, 2006
The Atlas of Food: who eats what, where and why, E Millstone and T Lang (eds.), Earthscan London and Penguin Books New York, 2003, winner of the André Simon Award for the best book on food published in the UK in 2003
Our Genetic Future: the science and ethics of genetic technology, The British Medical Association, Oxford University Press, 1992
Food Additives, Penguin Books, 1986
‘Recent developments in EU food policy: institutional adjustments or fundamental reforms?’, Zeitschrift für das gesamte Lebenmittelrecht, Vol 27, No 6, 22 Dec. 2000, pp. 1-15 ‘Beyond the “substantial equivalence” of GM foods’, Nature, 7 October 1999, pp. 525-526
‘Food safety and consumer protection in a globalised economy’, Swiss Political Science Review, September 2000, pp. 109-118
‘A crisis of trust: for science, scientists or institutions?’, Nature Medicine, Vol 6, No 12, December 2000, pp. 1307-1308